Michael Kaplan

Lamont Associate Research Professor
Michael Kaplan
Lamont Associate Research Professor
Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory
429 Comer
61 Route 9W - PO Box 1000


(845) 365-8646


(845) 365-8155

Fields of interest: 

Glacial geology, paleoclimatology, glacier and ice sheet dynamics, geomorphology, geochronology, limnogeology, cosmogenic surface exposure dating

Research Statement: 

* Glacier and climate history of southern South America, New Zealand, Antarctica, and eastern North America. Whether past climate changes are in phase around the globe at low and high frequency timescales * Quantifying rates of landscape change in southern South America using cosmogenic nuclide measurements and understanding these changes in relation to development of the Andes

List of Degrees from highest to lowest
B.A. summa cum laude
SUNY Buffalo
University of Maine-Orono
University of Colorado-Boulder

Primary Discipline: 

Secondary Discipline: 

Other Disciplines: 

Selected Publications:
Trans-pacific glacial response to the Antarctic Cold Reversal in the southern mid-latitudes, Sagredo, Esteban A.; Kaplan, Michael R.; Araya, Paola, S.; Lowell, Thomas V.; Aravena, Juan C.; Moreno, Patricio I.; Kelly, Meredith A.; Schaefer, Joerg M. Quaternary Science Reviews (2018)
Onset and Evolution of Southern Annular Mode-Like Changes at Centennial Timescale, Moreno, P. I.; Vilanova, I.; Villa-Martínez, R.; Dunbar, R. B.; Mucciarone, D. A.; Kaplan, M. R.; Garreaud, R.D.; Rojas, M.; Moy, C. M.; De Pol-Holz, R.; Lambert, F. Nature/Scientific Reports (2018)
Polar desert chronologies through quantitative measurements of salt accumulation, Graly, Joseph A.; Licht, Kathy J.; Druschel, Gregory K.; Kaplan, Michael R. Geology, AGU (2018)
The interconnected global climate system – a review of tropical-polar teleconnections, Yuan, Xiaojun; Kaplan, Michael R.; Cane, Mark Journal of Climate (2018)
Late Pleistocene glacial fluctuations in Cordillera Oriental, subtropical Andes, Martini, Mateo A.; Kaplan, Michael R.; Strelin, Jorge A.; Astini, Ricardo A.; Schaefer, Joerg M.; Caffee, Marc W.; Schwartz, Roseanne Quaternary Science Reviews (2017)
Recent climate warming and the Varas rock glacier activity, Cordillera Oriental, Central Andes of Argentina, Martinia, Mateo A.; Strelin, Jorge A.; Flores, Eliseo; Astinia, Ricardo A.; Kaplan, Michael R. GeoResJ (2017)
Regional mid-Pleistocene glaciation in central Patagonia, Hein, Andrew S.; Cogez, Antoine; Darvill, Christopher M.; Mendelova, Monika;. Kaplan, Michael R.; Herman, Frédéric; Dunai, Tibor J.; Norton, Kevin; Xu, Sheng, Marcus Christl, Marcus; Angel Rodés, Angel Quaternary Science Reviews (2017)
Glacial/interglacial changes of Southern Hemisphere wind circulation from the geochemistry of South American dust, Gili, Stefania; Gaiero, Diego M.; Goldstein, Steven L.; Chemale, Farid; Jweda, Jason; Kaplan, Michael R.; Becchio, Raúl A.; Koester, Edinei Earth and Planetary Science Letters (2017)
High particulate iron(II) content in glacially sourced dusts enhances productivity of a model diatom, Shoenfelt, Elizabeth M.; Sun, Jing; Winckler, Gisela; Kaplan, Michael R.; Borunda, Alejandra L; Farrell, Kayla R.; Moreno, Patricio I.; Gaiero, Diego M.; Recasens, Cristina; Sambrotto, Raymond N.; Bostick, Benjamin C. Science Advances (2017)
Geomorfología Y Cronología Glaciar Del Cuaternario En El Noroeste Argentino, Martini, Mateo A.; Strelin, Jorge A.; Astini, Ricardo A.; Kaplan, Michael R. Muruaga, C.M. and Grosse, P. (Eds.), Ciencias de la Tierra y Recursos Naturales del NOA. Relatorio del XX Congreso Geológico Argentino, San Miguel de Tucumán: 825-846. (2017)
East Antarctic ice sheet stability recorded in a high-elevation ice-cored moraine, Bader, Nicole A.; Licht, Kathy; Kaplan, Michael R.; Kassab, Christine; Winckler, Gisela Quaternary Science Reviews (2017)
Middle to Late Pleistocene stability of the central East Antarctic Ice Sheet at the head of Law Glacier, Kaplan, M R; Licht, K; Winckler, G; Schaefer, J M; Bader, N;, Mathieson, C; Roberts, M; Kassab, C M; Schwartz, R; Graly, J Geology, Volume: 45 p.: 963-966. (2017)
Patagonian and southern South Atlantic view of Holocene climate, Kaplan, M.R., Schaefer, J.M., Strelin, J.A., Denton, G.H., Anderson, R.F., Vandergoes, M.J., Finkel, R.C., Schwartz, R., Travis, S.G., Garcia, J.L., Martini, M.A., Nielsen, S.H.H. Quaternary Science Reviews 2016 (2016)
Changing influence of Antarctic and Greenlandic temperature records on sea-level over the last glacial cycle, Siddall, M.; Kaplan, M.R.; Schaefer, J.M.; Putnam, A.; Kelly, M.A.; Goehring, B. Quaternary Science Reviews, Volume: 29, Issue: 3-4 p.: 410-423 (2010) 10.1016/j.quascirev.2009.11.007
A beryllium-10 production-rate for the Southern Hemisphere middle latitudes, Putnam, A E; Schaefer, J M; Vandergoes, M; Barrell, D; Kaplan, M; Goehring, B; Schwartz, R; Finkel, R; Kelley, S; Denton, G H Journal of Quaternary Geochronology (2010)
The chronology of the Last Glacial Maximum and Late-glacial events in central Argentine Patagonia, Hein, AS; Hulton, NRJ; Dunai, T; Sugden, D; Kaplan, MR; Xu, S Journal of Quaternary Geochronology (2010)
Glacier retreat in New Zealand during the Younger Dryas stadial, Kaplan, M. R.; Schaefer, J.M., Denton, G.H.; Barrell, D.J.A.; Chinn, T.J.H.; Putnam, A.E.; Andersen, B.G.; Finkel, R.C.; Schwartz, R.; Doughty, A. Nature (2010)
Surface exposure dating in the Holocene - Precise Be-10 technique for very young surfaces, Finkel, R.; Schaefer, J. M.; Barrell, D.; Brown, T. A.; Denton, G.; Kaplan, M.; Putnam, A.; Rood, D.; Schluchter, C.; Schwartz, R. Geochimica Et Cosmochimica Acta Jun, Volume: 73, Issue: 13 p.: A377-A377 (2009)
Cosmogenic dating of 'old' glacial events in Patagonia,, Hein, A. S.; Hulton, N. R. J.; Dunai, T. J.; Schnabel, C.; Kaplan, M. R.; Xu, S. Geochimica Et Cosmochimica Acta Jun, Volume: 73, Issue: 13 p.: A513-A513 (2009)
Can glacial erosion limit the extent of glaciation?, Kaplan, M. R.; Hein, A. S.; Hubbard, A.; Lax, S. M. Geomorphology Jan 15, Volume: 103, Issue: 2 p.: 172-179 (2009) DOI 10.1016/j.geomorph.2008.04.020
Renewed glacial activity during the Antarctic cold reversal and persistence of cold conditions until 11.5 ka in southwestern Patagonia, Moreno, P. I.; Kaplan, M. R.; Francois, J. P.; Villa-Martinez, R.; Moy, C. M.; Stern, C. R.; Kubik, P. W. Geology Apr, Volume: 37, Issue: 4 p.: 375-378 (2009) Doi 10.1130/G25399a.1
High-Frequency Holocene Glacier Fluctuations in New Zealand Differ from the Northern Signature, Schaefer, J. M.; Denton, G. H.; Kaplan, M.; Putnam, A.; Finkel, R. C.; Barrell, D. J. A.; Andersen, B. G.; Schwartz, R.; Mackintosh, A.; Chinn, T.; Schluchter, C. Science May 1, Volume: 324, Issue: 5927 p.: 622-625 (2009) DOI 10.1126/science.1169312
Southern mid-latitude terminations of MIS-4, the Last Glacial Maximum and the Late Glacial period in the New Zealand moraine record, Schaefer, J. M.; Kaplan, M.; Putnam, A.; Finkel, R.; Barrell, D.; Denton, G.; Schluchter, C. Geochimica Et Cosmochimica Acta Jun, Volume: 73, Issue: 13 p.: A1167-A1167 (2009)
Middle Pleistocene glaciation in Patagonia dated by cosmogenic-nuclide 2 measurements on outwash gravels, Hein, AS; Hulton, NRJ; Dunai, T; Schnabel, C; Kaplan, MR; Naylor, M; , Xu, S Earth and Planetary Science Letters, Volume: 286 p.: 184-197 (2009)
Chronologies of the LGM and its Termination in the Andes based on Surface Exposure Dating, Zech, R; Smith, J; Kaplan, M , Springer Netherlands (2009)
Climate Change in Southern South America during the last two Millennia, Moy, CM; Moreno, PI; Dunbar, RB; Francois, J-P; Kaplan, MR; Villalba, R; Haberzettle, T , Springer Netherlands (2009)
Southern Patagonian glacial chronology for the Last Glacial period and implications for Southern Ocean climate, Kaplan, M. R.; Fogwill, C. J.; Sugden, D. E.; Hulton, N.; Kubik, P. W.; Freeman, S. P. H. T. Quaternary Science Reviews Feb, Volume: 27, Issue: 3-4 p.: 284-294 (2008) DOI 10.1016/j.quascirev.2007.09.013
Glacial dynamics in southernmost South America during Marine Isotope Stage 5e to the Younger Dryas chron: a brief review with a focus on cosmogenic nuclide measurements, Kaplan, M. R.; Moreno, P. I.; Rojas, M. Journal of Quaternary Science Sep-Oct, Volume: 23, Issue: 6-7 p.: 649-658 (2008) Doi 10.1002/Jqs.1209
Climate science - A tale of two ice sheets, Siddall, M.; Kaplan, M. R. Nature Geoscience Sep, Volume: 1, Issue: 9 p.: 570-571 (2008) Doi 10.1038/Ngeo286
Cosmogenic nuclide measurements in southernmost South America and implications for landscape change, Kaplan, M. R.; Coronato, A.; Hulton, N. R. J.; Rabassa, J. O.; Kubik, P. W.; Freeman, S. P. H. T. Geomorphology Jul 1, Volume: 87, Issue: 4 p.: 284-301 (2007) DOI 10.1016/j.geomorph.2006.10.005
Major ice sheet response in eastern New England to a cold North Atlantic region, ca. 16-15 cal ka BP, Kaplan, M. R. Quaternary Research Sep, Volume: 68, Issue: 2 p.: 280-283 (2007) DOI 10.1016/j.yqres.2007.06.003
Cosmogenic nuclide surface exposure dating of boulders on last-glacial and late-glacial moraines, Lago Buenos Aires, Argentina: Interpretive strategies and paleoclimate implications, Douglass, D. C.; Singer, B. S.; Kaplan, M. R.; Mickelson, D. M.; Caffee, M. W. Quaternary Geochronology Feb, Volume: 1, Issue: 1 p.: 43-58 (2006) DOI 10.1016/j.quageo.2006.06.001
Comment on: Cosmogenic nuclide chronology of pre-last glacial maximum moraines at Lago Buenos Aires, 46 degrees S, Argentina (Quaternary Research 63/3, 2005, 301-315) - Reply, Kaplan, M. R.; Singer, B. S.; Douglass, D. C.; Ackert, R. P.; Caffee, M. W. Quaternary Research Sep, Volume: 66, Issue: 2 p.: 367-369 (2006) DOI 10.1016/j.yqres.2006.06.002
Spatial and temporal variability of Holocene temperature in the North Atlantic region, Kaplan, M. R.; Wolfe, A. P. Quaternary Research Mar, Volume: 65, Issue: 2 p.: 223-231 (2006) DOI 10.1016/j.yqres.2005.08.020
Cosmogenic nuclide chronology of pre-last glacial maximum moraines at Lago Buenos Aires, 46 degrees S, Argentina, Kaplan, M. R.; Douglass, D. C.; Singer, B. S.; Caffee, M. W. Quaternary Research May, Volume: 63, Issue: 3 p.: 301-315 (2005) DOI 10.1016/j.yqres.2004.12.003
Cosmogenic nuclide chronology of millennial-scale glacial advances during O-isotope stage 2 in Patagonia, Kaplan, M. R.; Ackert, R. P.; Singer, B. S.; Douglass, D. C.; Kurz, M. D. Geological Society of America Bulletin Mar-Apr, Volume: 116, Issue: 3-4 p.: 308-321 (2004) Doi 10.1130/B25178.1