Terry A. Plank

Arthur D. Storke Memorial Professor
Terry A. Plank
Arthur D. Storke Memorial Professor
Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory
Geochemistry
411 Comer
61 Route 9W - PO Box 1000
Palisades
NY
10964-8000
US

Phone: 

(845) 365-8410

Fax: 

(845) 365-8155

Fields of interest: 

Geochemistry, Igneous Petrology

Research Statement: 

My research is focused on magmas associated with the plate tectonic cycle, at both divergent and convergent plate margins. My main contributions have been to the understanding of: * Magma generation: quantifying the roles of decompression, temperature and water in driving mantle melting * Crustal recycling at subduction zones: providing global flux estimates of marine sediment subducted into oceanic trenches, and tracing sediment geochemically from the seafloor to arc volcanoes * Water content of magmas, and the effects on magma evolution, mantle and slab temperature, and eruptive vigor.

My tools are geochemical, field work has taken me to Nicaragua and the Aleutians, and to sea. I have served on the MARGINS steering committee, the editorial boards of Geology and Earth & Planetary Science Letters, the EarthScope Advisory Committee, as co-chief scientist on Leg 185 of the Ocean Drilling Program, co-lead-author of the SZ4D Vision Document, and one of the writing team for the NAS ERUPT Report.

Plank received the Houtermans Medal from the European Association for Geochemistry, the Donath Medal from the Geological Society of America, is a Fellow of the American Geophysical Union, the Geochemical Society, the Geological Society fo America, and the Mineralogical Society of America. In 2012 she was named a MacArthur Foundation Fellow,  in 2013 elected into the National Academy of Sciences, and in 2016 the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.

Some of my projects include:

  • Magmatism and Mantle Lithosphere across the Basin and Range
  • Volatiles In arc magmas and mantle xenoliths
  • Diffusion clocks of volcanic processes
  • Subduction fluxes of volatile and stable isotope tracers
Education
List of Degrees from highest to lowest
Ph.D.
Columbia University, Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory
1993
A.B.
Dartmouth College
1985
Disciplines

Primary Discipline: 

Secondary Discipline: 

Postdoc: Megan Newcombe
Selected Publications:
NanoSIMS results from olivine-hosted melt embayments: Magma ascent rate during explosive basaltic eruptions., Lloyd, A.S; Plank, T; Ruprecht, P; Hauri, E.H., Rose, W; Gonnermann, H.M. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, Volume: 283 p.: 1-18 (2014) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2014.06.002.
Melting during late-stage rifting in Afar is hot and deep, Ferguson, D. J.; Maclennan, J.; Bastow, I. D.; Pyle, D. M.; Jones, S. M., Keir; D., Blundy, J. D.; Plank, T.; Yirgu, G. Nature 07/2013, Volume: 499 p.: 70-73 (2013) 0.1038/nature12292
Why do mafic arc magmas contain ~4 wt% water on average?, Plank, T., Kelley, K.A., †Zimmer, M.M., Hauri, E.H. and Wallace, P.J. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, Frontiers Article, Volume: 364 p.: 168-179 (2013)
Feeding andesitic eruptions with a high-speed connection from the mantle., Ruprecht, P. and Plank, T. Nature, Volume: 50 p.: 68-72 (2013) doi:10.1038/nature12342
The Hf-Nd isotopic composition of marine sediments, Vervoort, Jeff D.; Plank, Terry; Prytulak, Julie Geochimica Et Cosmochimica Acta 10/2011, Volume: 75 p.: 5903-5926 (2011)
New geothermometers for estimating slab surface temperatures, Plank, T.; Cooper, L.; Manning; C.E. Nature Geoscience, Volume: 2 p.: 611-615 (2009)